Qiang Zha

Associate Professor, Director of Graduate Program in Education

PhD - Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; MA (with distinction) - Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK

Location(s) / Contact Info:

225, Winters College - WC
Keele Campus
Phone: 416-736-2100 Ext. 88624

Email: qzha@edu.yorku.ca

Website: Research Gate_Qiang Zha

CV of Qiang Zha

Biography

Qiang Zha is an associate professor at Faculty of Education, York University, Canada. He holds a PhD (Higher Education) from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) of the University of Toronto and a MA (Comparative Education) from the Institute of Education, University of London. He has written and published widely in journals such as Compare,Higher EducationHigher Education PolicyHigher Education in EuropeHarvard China Review, and as books or book chapters. In 2004, he was a co-recipient of the inaugural IAU/Palgrave Prize on Higher Education Policy Research. His most recent books include a co-authored book (with Ruth Hayhoe et al) Portraits of 21st Century Chinese Universities: In the Move to Mass Higher Education (Comparative Education Research Centre, University of Hong Kong and Springer, 2011), and three edited volumes Education and Global Cultural Dialogue (co-edited with Karen Mundy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), Education in China. Educational History, Models, and Initiatives (Berkshire Publishing, 2013), Canadian Universities in China’s Transformation: An Untold Story (co-edited with Ruth Hayhoe and Julia Pan, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2016), and China's University-Industry Partnership, Cooperative Education, and Entrepreneurship Education in a Global Context (co-edited, Routledge, 2017). He is currently working on a new book titled Massification and Diversification of Higher Education in China: An Exploration of State, Market and Institutional Forces, which is to be published by Routledge.

Scholarly Interests

Chinese and East Asian higher education, international academic relations, global brain circulation, internationalization of higher education, globalization and education, differentiation and diversity in higher education, theories of organizational change, knowledge transfer and commercialization, and postsecondary co-op education in Canada and elsewhere.

Courses Taught

  • Global Issues and Education (ED/EDUC 3710)
  • Inquiries Into Learning (ED/EDFE 2100)
  • Issues in Globalization and Education (GS/EDUC 5464)

Selected Publications

  • Wang, Chuanyi and Zha, Qiang (2017). Measuring systemic diversity of Chinese universities: a clustering-method approach. Quality and Quantity, Published online. doi:10.1007/s11135-017-0524-5.
  • Zha, Qiang; Yan, Guangfen; and Li, Zhong (Eds.). (2017). China's University-Industry Partnership, Cooperative Education, and Entrepreneurship Education in a Global Context. (Zha, Qiang; Yan, Guangfen; and Li, Zhong, Eds.) Milton Park, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Zha, Qiang (2017). China: Massification Has Increased Inequalities. In Georgiana Mihut, Philip G. Altbach and Hans de Wit (Eds.), Understanding Global Higher Education: Insights from Key Global Publications (pp. 25-28). RotterdamThe Netherlands: Sense Publishers
  • Zha, Qiang (2016). What factors influence the direction of global brain circulation: the case of Chinese Canada Research Chairholders Compare, 46 (2), 214-234.
  • Zha, Qiang, Shi, Jinghua, and Wang, Xiaoyang (2016). Is There an Alternative University Model? The Debate around the Chinese Model of the University. In James Côté and Andy Furlong (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Higher Education (pp. 273-285). Milton Park, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Zha, Qiang and Tu, Derrick (2016). Doing mixed methods research in comparative education: Some reflections on the fit and a survey of the literature. In Alexander W. Wiseman and Emily Anderson (Eds.), Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2015 (pp. 165-190). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing
  • Hayhoe, Ruth, Pan, Julia, and Zha, Qiang (Eds.). (2016). Canadian Universities in China's Transformation: An Untold Story. (Hayhoe, Ruth, Pan, Julia, and Zha, Qiang , Eds.) Montreal/Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press
  • Yan, Fengqiao, Mao, Dan and Zha, Qiang (2016). Institutional Transformation and Aggregate Expansion of Chinese Higher Education System. In Shibo Guo and Yan Guo (Eds.), Spotlight on China: Changes in Education under China's Market Economy (pp. 191-213). Rotterdam,The Netherlands: Sense Publishers
  • Yang, Qiubo; Wang, Shibin; Zha, Qiang (2016). Canada's Industry-University Co-op Education Accreditation System and its Inspiration for the Evaluation of China's Industry-University-Institute Cooperative Education. Chinese Education and Society, 49 (3).
  • Zha, Qiang, Shi, Jinghuan and Wang, Xiaoyang (2015). Is There a Chinese Model of the University? International Higher Education (80), 27-29.
  • Zhang, Lei and Zha, Qiang (2015). From University Professors' "Academic Attribute" to Their "Moral Virtue Attribute"--A Qualitative Inquiry with 14 Canadian Award-Laureates (in Chinese). Tsinghua Journal of Education, 36 (6), 75-85.
  • Zha, Qiang and Hayhoe, Ruth (2015). The Chinese Model of Development and the Higher Education Policy. In Simon Schwartzman, Pundy Pillay and Romulo Pinheiro (Eds.), Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society (pp. 335-351). DordrechtNetherlands: Springer
  • Zha, Qiang and Wang, Chuanyi (2014). Systematic Changes in China International Higher Education (76), 19-20.
  • Zha, Qiang and Yang, Qiubo (2014). A Quiet Revolution in Chinese Universities: Experimental Colleges International Higher Education (77), 25-27.
  • Zha, Qiang (2014). Will China Excel in the Global Brain Race? International Higher Education (75), 15-16.
  • Zha, Qiang (2014). Anticipate the future: Chinese universities show a mixed story of success, crisis, promise and rich educational traditions to be revitalized. In Carl G. Amrhein and Britta Baron (Eds.), Building Success in a Global University: Government and Academia - Redefining the Relationship Around the World (pp. 101-118). Bonn: Lemmens
  • Zha, Qiang and Hayhoe, Ruth (2014). The "Beijing Consensus" and the Chinese Model of University Autonomy. Frontiers of Education in China, 9 (1), 42-62.
  • Tierney, William G. and Zha, Qiang (Co-Guest Editors) (2014). The Changing Nature of Academic Freedom in an Age of Globalization. A special issue of Frontiers of Education in China, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • Zha, Qiang (2013). China's Confucius Institutes--More Academic and Integrative International Higher Education (71), 15-17.
  • Zha, Qiang (2013). Egalitarianism in Canadian Higher Education: Retrospect and Prospect. International Journal of Chinese Education, 2013 (2), 135-161.
  • Zha, Qiang (Ed.) (2013). Education in China. Educational History, Models, and Initiatives. Gt Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing
  • Zha, Qiang and Lin, Jing (2013). China's Move to Mass Higher Education: Analyzing the Policy Execution with a "NATO-Scheme" . In Qi Li and Cynthia Gerstl-Pepin (Eds.), Survival of the Fittest: The Shifting Contours of Higher Education in China and the United States. (pp. 29-40). Dordrecht,The Netherlands: Springer
  • Zha, Qiang (2013) Canada's "Thousand Talent Program": How Canada Research Chair Program Attracts Chinese Academics?. Vancouver, BC: Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada
  • Hayhoe, Ruth, Pan, Julia, and Zha, Qiang (2013). Lessons from the Legacy of Canada-China University Linkages. Frontiers of Education in China, 8 (1), 78-102.
  • Zha, Qiang and Yan, Fengqiao (2013). Oscillations and Persistence in Chinese Higher Education Policy: a Path Dependence Analysis. In Paul Axelrod, Roopa Desai Trilokekar, Theresa Shanahan and Richard Wellen (Eds.), Making Policy in Turbulent Times: Challenges and Prospects for Higher Education. (pp. 317-338). Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press
  • Zha, Qiang (2012). Intellectuals, Academic Freedom, and University Autonomy in China. In Hans G. Schuetze, William Bruneau, Garnet Grosjean (Ed.), University Governance and Reform. Policy, Fads, and Experience in International Perspective (pp. 209-224). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Mundy, Karen and Zha, Qiang (Eds.) (2012). Education and Global Cultural Dialogue. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Zha, Qiang (2012). The Study-Abroad Fever among Chinese Students International Higher Education (69), 15-17.
  • Zha, Qiang (2012). "Walking on two legs": a policy analysis of China's move to mass higher education. In Hans G. Schuetze and Germán Álvarez (Eds.), State and Market in Higher Education Reforms: Trends, Policies and Experiences in Comparative Perspective (pp. 167-179). Rotterdam,The Netherlands: Sense Publishers
  • Zha, Qiang and Mundy, Karen (2012). Education and Cross-cultural Dialogue: A Celebration of Ruth Hayhoe's Scholarship. In Karen Mundy and Qiang Zha (Eds.), Education and Global Cultural Dialogue (pp. 1-10). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Zha, Qiang (2012). Transnational Higher Education in China: towards a critical culturalist research agenda. In Karen Mundy and Qiang Zha (Eds.), Education and Global Cultural Dialogue (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Zha, Qiang (2011). China's move to mass higher education in a comparative perspective. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 41 (6), 751-768.
  • Hayhoe, Ruth, Li, Jun, Lin, Jing, Zha, Qiang (in alphabetic order) (2011). Portraits of 21st Century Chinese Universities: In the Move to Mass Higher Education. Hong Kong & Dordrecht: Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong & Springer
  • Zha, Qiang (2011). Canadian-Chinese Education Collaborations: From Unilateral to Bilateral Exchanges. In Huhua Cao and Vivienne Poy (Eds.), The China Challenge: Sino-Canadian Relations in the 21st Century (pp. 100-119). Ottawa, Ontario: University of Ottawa Press
  • Zha, Qiang (2010). Academic Freedom and Public Intellectuals in China: A Century of Oscillations International Higher Education (58), 17-18.
  • Zha, Qiang (2009). Diversification or Homogenization: How Governments and Markets Have Combined to (Re)Shape Chinese Higher Education in Its Recent Massification Process. Higher Education, 58 (1), 41-58.
  • Zha, Qiang (2009). Diversification or Homogenization in Higher Education: a Global Allomorphism Perspective. Higher Education in Europe, 34 (3/4), 459-479.
  • Hayhoe, Ruth and Zha, Qiang (2006). China. In J.F. Forest and P.G. Altbach (Eds.), International Handbook of Higher Education (pp. 667-691). Dordrecht,The Netherlands: Springer
  • Zha, Qiang (2006). The Resurgence and Growth of Private Higher Education in China. Higher Education Perspectives (Special Issue), 54-68.
  • Hayhoe, Ruth, and Zha, Qiang (2005). The Role of Public Universities in the Move to Mass Higher Education: Some Reflections on the Experience of Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China. In F. Iacobucci and C. Tuohy (Eds.), Taking Public Universities Seriously (pp. 5-25). Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press
  • Hayhoe, Ruth and Zha, Qiang (2004). Becoming World Class: Chinese Universities Facing Globalization and Internationalization. Harvard China Review, 5 (1), 87-92.
  • Lang, Daniel and Zha, Qiang (2004). Comparing University: A Case Study between Canada and China. Higher Education Policy, 17 (4), 339-381.
  • Zha, Qiang (2003). Internationalization of Higher Education: Towards a Conceptual Framework. Policy Futures in Education, 1 (2), 248-270.

Selected Presentations

  • Zha, Qiang and Wu, Qing (2017, March). Postsecondary Cooperative Education: Canada in a Global Context. Presented at: the 61st Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Atlanta, Georgia
  • Zha, Qiang and Hayhoe, Ruth (2017, March). Internationalization of Chinese Higher Education: a ‘glonacal’ perspective. Presented at: the 61st Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Atlanta, Georgia
  • Zha, Qiang and Wang, Dongfang (2016, November). The Chinese Government Scholarship Program: the brain development scheme that illuminates a vision across 30 years. Presented at: the 41st Annual Conference of Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Columbus, Ohio
  • Zha, Qiang (2016, March). Higher Education Policy and Implementation in China: Reflection from the macro, meso and micro perspectives. Presented at: the 60th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES)
  • Zha, Qiang and Tu, Derrick (2016, March). Mixed methods research in comparative education: Reflections on the fit based on a bibliometric analysis. Presented at: the 60th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES)
  • Zha, Qiang (2015, November). The State, the University and Capital: a reflection on their relations through Fukuyama’s lens. Presented at: the 40th Annual Conference of Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Denver, Colorado, USA
  • Wang, Chuanyi and Zha, Qiang (2015, November). Measuring Systematic Diversity in Chinese Higher Education: A Multiple Methods Approach. Presented at: the 40th Annual Conference of Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), Denver, Colorado, USA
  • Zha, Qiang (2015, March). Globalization and the Chinese model of the university: Some reflections. Presented at: the 59th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Washington DC, USA
  • Desai Trilokekar, Roopa; Embleton, Sheila and Zha, Qiang (2014, May). The next global knowledge powerhouses? The differing pathways of higher education reform in China and India. Presented at: Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) 2014 Conference, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
  • Yan, Fengqiao; Mao, Dan; and Zha, Qiang (2014, March 13). How Administrative Decentralization Pushed for Higher Education Expansion in China: an empirical analysis. Presented at: the 58th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Toronto, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2014, March 11). Egalitarianism in Canadian Higher Education: Retrospect and Prospect. Presented at: the 58th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Toronto, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2013, June). Oscillations and Persistence in Chinese Higher Education Policy: a path dependence analysis. Presented at: Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) 2013 Conference, Victoria, BC, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2013, March 14). Local Universities in China: their visions, aspirations and strategies in a turbulent era. Presented at: the 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), New Orleans, USA
  • Zha, Qiang; Marginson, Simon; Briskman, Linda; and Tierney, William G. (2012, December 4). Academic Freedom: Universal Value or Circumscribed by the Nation State?. Presented at: 2012 Joint International Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education and the Asia Pacific Educational Research Association, Sydney, Australia
  • Zha, Qiang (2012, October). The "Bejing Consensus" and Chinese Universities: The Looming Crisis. Presented at: the 9th International Workshop on Higher Education Reform: Reforming the Policy and Practice of Community Engagement of Higher Education, Pittsburgh, USA
  • Zha, Qiang (2012, April). Reflecting on Intellectuals and Academic Freedom in China: from a Perspective of Confucian Knowledge Tradition. Presented at: 2012 AERA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2011, June). University Autonomy and Academic Freedom in China: Some Comparative Reflections. Presented at: Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) 2011 Conference, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang and Hayhoe, Ruth (2011, May). Academic Capitalism and Brain Circulation: Some Evidence Relating to the Canada Research Chair Program. Presented at: the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Montreal, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2011, April3). China's Massification of Higher Education: a comparative perspective. Presented at: 2011 Joint Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS) & International Convention of Asia Scholars (ICAS), Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Zha, Qiang (2010, November). A "glonacal" perspective on Canadian-Chinese educational collaboration: implications for policy and strategy. Presented at: Beijing Forum 2010: The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All, Beijing, China
  • Zha, Qiang (2010, October). Canada and China's Educational Collaboration: From Unilateral to Bilateral Exchanges. Presented at: Canadian Asian Studies Association (CASA) 2010 Annual Conference, Ottawa, Canada
  • Zha, Qiang (2010, May). Canadian universities in a new era of global geo-politics: Their attractiveness to international talent: A research idea. Presented at: Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) 2010 Annual Conference, Montreal, Canada
  • Zhou, Guangli and Zha, Qiang (2010, March). Science and Technology as the Key to National Development: The Cases of Three Universities of Science & Technology in China. Presented at: the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Chicago, USA
  • Zha, Qiang (2009, November 10). 'Walking on two legs': China's approach to mass higher education in last decade. Presented at: Keynote address at the 6th International Workshop on Higher Education Reforms, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Zha, Qiang and Hayhoe, Ruth (2009, March). Is There A Chinese Model of the University?. Presented at: the 53rd Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Charleston, SC, USA
  • Zha, Qiang and Lin, Jing (2008, March). China's Move to Mass Higher Education: the policy process. Presented at: the 52nd Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), New York, USA
  • Zha, Qiang (2007, February). Enrolment Expansion in Chinese Universities: Towards a Framework of Understanding Features Characterizing Diversity and Diversification of Chinese Higher Education. Presented at: the 51st Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES), Baltimore, USA
  • Zha, Qiang (2005, April). Homogenization or Diversification: Exploring an Ecosystem Paradigm for Differentiation in Higher Education. Presented at: 2005 AERA Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada

Research Projects

China’s Move to Mass Higher Education: Implications for Civil Society and Global Cultural Dialogue

Role: Co-Investigator

Year Funded: 2006

Duration: 3

Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)

There is a widespread awareness of China’s emerging role as a global economic superpower, yet there is little understanding of the likely cultural and educational role China will play in the global community in future. There is also great concern about the pace of democratization of the Chinese government, given its already significant economic clout on the world scene. This project addresses these two issues from the perspective of higher education. It focuses on the transition from an elite to a mass higher education system in China, seeking to understand this transition in terms of the policy making process and the empirical experience. It explores how far China’s experience follows sociological patterns identified in other parts of the world and what are some of its unique features. In other words, how does China’s experience fill out or further develop concepts of modernization and the emerging knowledge society?

Canada-China University Linkages in a New Era of Global Geo-Politics

Role: Co-Investigator

Year Funded: 2011

Duration: 3

Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)

In the 1980s Canada was a leader in initiating university linkages with China on a large scale, whereas it could be argued that Canadian universities are now lagging behind those of the USA, Australia and the UK. This study investigates the legacy of two major historic programs of collaboration supported by the Canadian International Development Agency: the Canada-China Management Education Project (CCMEP, 1983-1996) and the Canada-China University Linkage Project (CCULP, 1988-2001). Fundamentally, this study addresses such questions as: What long-term impact have CCMEP and CCULP had on Canadian and Chinese universities? What legacy have they left behind? What lessons can be learned from them?

Canadian Universities and International Talent in a New Era of Global Geo-Politics

Role: Principal Investigator

Year Funded: 2010

Duration: 1

Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)

As a result of globalization, academics have become more mobile and are tempted to move to institutions that have the most favorable research funding and work environment. The university is now viewed as a global magnet for academic talent, and a key institution that enhances competitiveness by connecting cities and nations to global flows of knowledge and talent. Then, what factors influence and explain the direction of global brain flows? This research sheds light on the relative strengths of the various factors that prompted a group of Canada Research Chair (CRC) holders originating from China to choose to work in Canadian universities, something that is happening against the backdrop of a gradual shift of the global center of economic gravity towards Asia. Such a shift finds expression in the academic arena as well, so it is particularly interesting to track the views of Chinese CRC holders.

China, India and the Challenge to Canada’s “Diplomacy of Knowledge”: A Comparative Study of the Internationalization of Higher Education

Role: Co-Investigator

Year Funded: 2014

Duration: 2

Funded by: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)

This project aims to enable Canada’s more effective engagement in internationalization of education by building our understanding of higher education policies in China and India, the two most important emerging superpowers. It poses such research questions: 1). How do China and India understand internationalization of higher education as a policy imperative in the context of broader national policy approaches to higher education, and what are the similarities and differences with which they have approached their policies? 2). How have distinct historical, geographical, economic, political and cultural traditions (including well established knowledge traditions) influenced each country’s approaches to policy on internationalization of higher education? and 3). What are the implications of these similarities and differences in traditions and approaches to policy for Canada’s development of more effective and targeted collaborative relations with both countries?

Awards

  • IAU/Palgrave Prize on Higher Education Policy Research (co-recipient based on the merit of an article titled Comparing University: A Case Study between Canada and China), International Association of Universities (IAU) - 2004
  • Best Book Award for the academic year 2011-2012 (co-recipient based on the merit of a book titled Portraits of 21st Century Chinese Universities: In the Move to Mass Higher Education), Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) Higher Education SIG - 2012

Professional Affiliations

York University Affiliations/Cross Appointments

Partnerships/Initiatives/Centres

  • http://www.oise.utoronto.ca/cidec/Research/conference_2014.html: Qiang Zha is a follower of the Confucian scholarship that advocates the unity of knowledge and action, i.e., to realize our ideals through action and take on direct responsibility for bettering the society. As such, he always considers and pushes for university international collaborations as a vehicle for social changes. One manifestation of this belief is his diligence and leadership in moving Canada-China academic relations forward. In May 2014, he co-organized a major conference in Beijing, "Transforming Canada-China Educational Cooperation: Significant Legacies and Future Challenges," which brought together leading scholars and senior administrators who were involved in projects and partnerships between Chinese and Canadian universities across the fields of agriculture, education, engineering, environment, marine sciences, medicine, management, law and minority cultures between the early 1980s and the early 21st century. The event called for reflections on the long-term impact of Canada-China university linkages that were crucial to China’s rapid transition towards the position of economic and geo-political leadership it holds today in the world community, and what new synergies are now emerging between universities in the two countries that might be built upon in new forms of collaboration. By the same token, Qiang Zha appreciates the “Wisconsin Idea” that sought to extend the boundary of university-based research to directly serve the well-being of general public in the community and beyond. At the capacity of a member of the Executive Committee, York Centre for Asian Research, he advocates the notion of “Asian Studies at home,” which entails boosting interactions between Asia-focused researchers at York University and the Asian migrant communities in the Greater Toronto Area, providing a clear public point of access to York’s collective research expertise on Asia, and ensuring the wider dissemination of York research on Asia to those communities.

Service/Community Activities